TRAJAN SESTERTII

 

 

 

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 Historical Policies, Acts and Events

  5. Congiarums

  From the word Congius, a measure of liquids, as modius is a measure of solids. A Congiarum is a giving of gifts from the emperor to the people, Originally as the word implied it was gifts of oil and wine but later it became gifts of silver, spices, corn, etc. The emperor Trajan records 3 Congiarums on his sestertii.


FIRST CONGIARUM

This reverse depicts Trajan seated on high platform on a curule chair. An citizen is seated on a lower platform receiving gifts from a standing officer while another citizen ascends the stairs. A statue of Liberalitas holding tessera is in the background.

 

from the Matthew Sersch collection

 

obv : IMP CAES NERVA TRAIAN AVG GERM PM TRP

rev: COS II PP CONG PR SC

34mm

23.3g

Head right

98-99ad

RIC380

This type also appears with variations.

from the Dr. Jones collection

Head right aegis (RIC381 Banti42-44, BMC 712)


Bust right draped and cuirassed as seen from behind (Banti45)

All Varieties are quite rare.


SECOND CONGIARUM

This reverse depicts Trajan seated on high platform on a curule chair. An officer is seated on a lower platform giving gifts to a citizen on the stairs. A statue of Liberalitas holding tessera and a large tripod are in the background .

 

from the Matthew Sersch collection

 

obv : IMP CAES NERVA TRAIAN AVG GERM DACICVS PM

rev: COS V CONGIAR SECVND SC

34mm

26.7g

Head right

103ad

RIC450, Banti47, BMC 767

This type also appears with variations.

Head right aegis ( Banti49-50)

Head right draped left shoulder(Banti48)

All Varieties are quite rare.


THIRD CONGIARUM

This reverse depicts Trajan seated on high platform on a curule chair. An officer is seated on a lower platform giving gifts to a citizen on the stairs. A statue of Liberalitas holding tessera and a large tripod are in the background ..

from the Matthew Sersch collection

obv : IMP CAES NERVAE TRAIANO AVG GER DAC PM TRP COS V PP

rev: CONGIARVM TERTIVM SC

34mm

24.0g

Head right , draped left shoulder

103-111ad

RIC469, Banti 37


This type also appears with variations.

Bust right draped and cuirassed as seen from behind (Banti38)

All Varieties are quite rare.



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